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Placement of Alarms - 1 Story Home

View 2-Story Home Guidelines

Smoke Alarms

In a typical home fire, occupants have just minutes to escape. And because smoke in one area may not reach a smoke alarm in another, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) recommends placement of at least one smoke alarm on every level of the home (including basements) and/or in every bedroom or sleeping area. The NFPA also recommends interconnection of alarms to provide better whole-home protection than stand-alone alarms. Photoelectric smoke alarms respond to slow burning, visible smoke caused by smoldering fires. Well suited for use in kitchens and near baths, they are less susceptible to nuisance alarms caused by cooking or high humidity.

Carbon Monoxide (CO) Alarms

CO alarms are recommended near bedrooms and sleeping areas where they can wake sleeping residents. Additional CO alarms are recommended 5-20 feet from sources of CO such as a furnace, water heater or fireplace. Alarms can alert you to a problem only after smoke or CO reach their sensors. Choose locations free of obstructions, where the alarm will stay clean and protected from adverse environmental conditions.

Combination Smoke/CO Alarms

A combination Smoke/CO Alarm makes it easy to provide both types of protection throughout the home. A combination alarm installed on every level of the home is an excellent way to ensure maximum protection for occupants, with a minimum of installation effort.

Heat Alarms

In some areas of the house, it is important to use a heat alarm that senses fire by air temperature, rather than a smoke alarm that senses particles in the air. The installation of heat alarms in attics (finished or unfinished), furnace rooms or garages is recommended, since these locations occasionally experience conditions that can result in improper operation of smoke alarms. FireX® heat alarms are designed to alarm when presented with a certain temperature at the alarm. They will not react to smoke and should not be used to replace smoke alarms, but as a supplement to a complete smoke alarm system.